Generally caused by viruses. Diarrhea is characterized by frequent loose or watery stools. GE may be associated with cold symptoms, fever, gas, cramps, belly pains, and rash. Generally antibiotics and anti-diarrheal medications are not recommended. The main objective is to prevent dehydration.
Recommendations for vomiting and diarrhea:
Offer small amounts of liquid frequently
Infants – Pedialyte
Children – Pedialyte, diluted juice, Gatorade, popsicles.
Once fluids are tolerated, advance to bland diet, including: bananas, rice, toast, crackers, apple- sauce. Avoid dairy and complex or fatty foods.
Control fever with Tylenol.
Monitor urine output.
Call the office if:
- Decreased urine output as follows:
Birth to 6 months – no urine in 6 hours.
6 to 12 months – no urine in 6 to 8 hours.
Over 12 months – no urine in 8 to 10 hours.
- Blood in stool
- Child is lethargic or inconsolable
- Child has severe abdominal pain
- Child vomiting bile (bright yellow/green color)
- Infant has persistent vomiting